Monday, November 5, 2018

University email accounts lack security and privacy

We should not forget that University emails are disposable, non-permanent and most importantly non-private. They should be treated with a lot of cautiousness, and distrust.

  • I have had university emails from the:
    • Lebanese American University (Permanent Email)
    • American University of Beirut (Temporarily for 1 year) 
    • Haigazian University (Permanent Email)
    • University of Southampton
    • University of Oxford
I often see my classmates, university researchers and instructors use their university emails to share private information such as emails with friends and uploading photos. Some of them use it as their primary email to sign up for Paypal and Social Media Apps (Facebook, Twitter, etc...).

This is often associated with two issues: breach of university password credentials and employee misuse.

Most universities use the same email password to authenticate to a wide range of University services, such as University Internet Services, Moodle/Blackboard access, Banner access and other endless services.

Just like any other software system in the world, those systems are not immune from breaches and in fact, they could have less scrutiny. There are hundreds of innovative ways an attacker can expose and obtain your university password.

You need to assume that this is entirely possible and make sure your email contains only trivial material that you don't give a fuck about.

What makes the situation worse, is that university email services of Office365 do not offer any multi-factor authentication feature. This has been the case for me for all the 5 different university emails I've used in the future. This was being discussed during my admission interview with Oxford University and it seems to be a current security problem.

As for the employee misuse problem, you would be surprised how easy it would be for University IT Staff to secretly gain access to your email and read every single email you've sent and received.

I have even spoken to IT officers/employees from the universities listed above and many of them illustrated to how easy the process of accessing an email is.

University emails should only be used for information that isn't sensitive and has insignificant value, examples include class assignments - communication with a supervisor or an instructor and communication with university staff. 

Similarly, any storage provided by University services such as OneDrive should only be used to store trivial academic material as well.

Personal email accounts (such as Gmail) should be used for any personal emails or files you have.


Tuesday, October 9, 2018

Dive Project is finally completed after 8 months of work

diveProject ( is a small non-profit academic project which aims to digitalize, organize, store and host all (or most) of the academic material that I've had during my undergraduate and graduate studies. Course material such as lectures, projects, academic papers or other would be included. diveProject also includes projects developed during my studies which have been developed:

Where are the files?

Projects with a large amount of coding have been uploaded to GitHub and linked from within the website, whereas the static files (Word, PowerPoint or PDF documents or other) have been uploaded and stored on a cloud bucket provided by the Google Cloud Platform (Accessible from this domain:

How is the website structured?

Apart from the main homepage, the website has a 'courses' page with a list of all courses (or modules). Each course title can be clicked and has his own separate page.

How it was it made?

The website application itself is hosted by GitHub and is a heavily modified version of a Github Pages template for academic websites. The template I've used was forked (then detached) by Stuart Geiger from the Minimal Mistakes Jekyll Theme, which is © 2016 Michael Rose and released under the MIT License.

On the other side, a small Python script was written to upload and format the academic files that were download from Google Drive. The Python script is called and is available in the repository, here is a snippet:

Open Source or Closed Source?

The source code of diveProject is open-source and it can be found on this URL here: There is no guarantee the source code stays open and public but it is expected to stay open source at the moment.

How much time it took?

I started on this project at Southampton University during a class. According to GitHub, the course pages have been being edited for about 7-8 months ago, here is a snapshot below:

Drawing the red line...

Copyrighted files such as books and research papers were not uploaded nor included in this project. Other confidential or sensitive files (mostly belonging to other classmates) were not included either. 

Moving on...

More files will be uploaded from my studies at Oxford. Meanwhile, I'll be taking a small break from this project.


Wednesday, October 3, 2018

12 Things I loved about The University of Southampton

I have completed my MSc in Computer Science at the University of Southampton (from September 2017 until September 2018) and my experience has been really great, here are the things I loved the most about the university.

Free Uni-Link Buses

My accommodation at Wessex Lane Halls provided me with a free uni-link bus pass (blue card) which you can use any day during your studies. The buses are excellent and are connected to almost every place in the city (Airport, City Center, Halls, University Campuses, etc...). Often, there is a bus every 8 minutes and the timetable is posted on Google Maps, website and printed on the stop. The buses have wifi and USB chargers and very comfy. They have recently upgraded their buses with new low emission buses which is quite remarkable.

Accommodation Catering 

I have had excellent catering for 9 months, which allowed me to save money, lose weight and eat healthy food. Two meals were provided per day: Breakfast (7:30 am until 10:00 am) and Lunch (5:00 pm until 7:00 pm). I have had full English breakfast almost daily and enjoyed new British and non-British meals.

Internet Access 

The Internet Access was a great relief to me and allowed me to be immensely productive. You get connected to 'eduroam' network which will be available in all campus, university accommodation and sometimes across the city as well. As you'd expect, the Internet is very fast (somewhere around 200 mbps) and is not limited (as long as you don't abuse it).

Student Services Center  

The Student Services Center provides any type of support you need. You don't have to look for specific university offices in order to get the support you need. You can phone or email, and the support staff will guide or help you. It was very convenient and I have used that very often. They can answer 80 per cent of queries and can help with questions about accommodation, fees, finance, visas and ID cards. They can also process payments for tuition and accommodation fees.

The Beautiful Campus 

I have been into two campuses: Highfield Campus and Boldrewood Campus. Highfield has many innovative buildings, lively arts venues, and great sports and leisure facilities. It is a stunning place to work in a vibrant atmosphere. Highfield has a secret beautiful garden and facilities combined with tradition and modernity with spacious landscaped gardens.

Hartley Library 

This is the main library of the University of Southampton and I have spent a lot of time there! They have the library cafe which is very convenient to grab a quick snack, sandwich or coffee. They have numerous study rooms which could be booked and the usual resources any respectful library has.

My Supervisor 

Though I had issues with my original supervisor I have had the chance and honour to work later with Dr Reza Abdolbaghi who was my supervisor, mentor and programme leader and he supervised my thesis which was an industry project collaborated with Lloyd's Register. I have received excellent supervision, constant constructive feedback and met almost weekly with my supervisor.

Not Having Final Exams  

During my MSc, I have never undertaken any final exams because I had picked modules without final exams. This was incredible for me as I had the chance to focus on working on actual projects and coursework instead of having to cram slides and stress about having any final exams.

Not Strict About Attendance   

No module leader or instructor was strict or forced attendance. We were allowed not to show up, arrive late, or leave during the module. Although I personally showed up to all my lectures, I had no issues of missing classes when I had to attend my interview at Oxford or take some time off to work on my research proposal.

Marks Are Released on a fixed Date   

At the end of each term, we receive an email saying when we will get our grades (exact date and time), no hassle or delays in the release of the marks.  That means instructors or lecturers will have a specific time to release the marks. This allowed me to plan request of the transcript on a time to be able to send it to the universities I was applying to. 

Being part of ECS

Being an MSc Computer Science Student, I was part of the School of Electronics and Computer Science (ECS). ECS is regarded by the IET as having the "biggest and strongest department in the country in Electrical and Electronic Engineering." ECS was ranked 2nd in the UK in both Good University Guide published by the Times and the Complete University Guide published by the Independent. Computer Science was ranked 4th and 5th in the UK respectively.

The School is home to a number of notable staff including Sir Timothy Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web and Dame Wendy Hall, president of the Association for Computing Machinery, ex-president of the British Computer Society, and Co-Founding Director of the Web Science Research Initiative.

Sports and Wellbeing Center

The Sport and Wellbeing Center offers outstanding sports facilities and offers a comprehensive range of courses which offers watersports, swimming and fitness. The membership is not free though, which could be an issue for some. I have had exercised there and mostly swam during the summer.

Goodbye Southampton! It has been an honour being a student of the world-renowned School of Electronics and Computer Science, home of Sir Timothy Berners-Lee. You’ve given me the opportunity to connect with students and researchers from 20+ different countries and work with the smartest and brightest people. I had also the pleasure to collaborate with the talented innovation team from Lloyd’s Register during my thesis project. Thank you for making this unforgettable journey possible and I am proud to be an alumnus of the University of Southampton.

Sunday, September 30, 2018

Fasting for 38 Hours

In the past four (or five) months in Southampton, I've been following an eating pattern which is known as intermittent fasting. I've dropped from 186 pounds to 145 pounds but this is not the only reason why I love this eating pattern. I basically intend on permanently keeping my eating lifestyle based on intermittent fasting. There is detailed blog planned about my experience with intermittent fasting, however, this blog illustrates my experience with fasting for 38 hours straight.

The maximum number of days fasting I did was 24 hours but never have I fasted for 38 hours.

During my fast, only water is allowed (no coffee or tea or anything else). My fast started on Saturday at 00:00 2018 and ended on Sunday at 14:00. During the fast, there are generally no cravings as the body enters a fat-burning mode. Other than that, it was pretty simple and easy.

Some might think I'm insane but fasting has numerous health benefits if done correctly and properly.

Thursday, September 27, 2018

FIVE GUYS should be avoided at any cost

If you're a food fanatic like me, you have probably heard of American burger chain: FIVE GUYS. For sure, their burgers taste really great but that comes with a hefty price.

I've decided yesterday to try the American food chain in Oxford, but I was disappointed with that deplorable food chain.

You don't get any plates

What was staggering about my experience at Five Guys is realizing they don't have plates in their food chain. They instead wrap their burger with an aluminium foil and throw it in a bag. So you can expect to literally eat like this, disgusting: 

Extremely Expensive 

I had ordered yesterday: one cheeseburger - medium fries and a milkshake and had to pay around 17£ for that, that is around 22USD. They are also ashamed to show their prices on their menu online:

But, I found a menu with prices added somewhere else:

They charge £8 for one fucking cheeseburger, £4.75 for a milkshake and £4 for normal fries.

Extremely Unhealthy

One meal FIVE GUYS is extremely expensive and overpriced, and leave you stuffed with at least 2,000 calories; probably more than your normal or recommended calorie intake, here is a menu I found with their calories:

Any meal would be spectacularly unhealthy. They stuff 950 fucking calories in regular fries and 980 calories in a cheeseburger. 2,000 total calories in a burger and fries. According to

'The regular size serving of fries has 953 calories—about half the calories many women need in an entire day—while the large has a whopping 1,314 calories. A Five Guys cheeseburger weighs in at 840 calories, while a Wendy’s cheeseburger has 570 calories. When it comes to the milkshakes, you’re starting off at 870 calories and 82 grams of sugar (around 20 teaspoons)—before adding any of the free mix-ins.'

Ending Thoughts 

Calm down FIVE GUYS, you are a JUNK FOOD chain, not a fine restaurant with waiters; the prices should be less, especially with how you are served the meal. And, what is more appalling, is the number of calories they stuff in their food. There probably should be more regulations from the US government over those junk food chains as the obesity epidemic is not showing signs of slowing down.

Friday, September 21, 2018

Review and reflection of Fox TV Show Gotham


I have been watching Gotham for quite some time now. Two weeks ago, I finished this highly ranked show while I was still at Southampton:

So far, this has been a breathtaking series that never managed to get me bored while watching. Here is the plot:

'Plot Jim Gordon is a rising detective in corrupt Gotham City, where his late father was a successful district attorney. Brave, honest and determined to prove himself, Jim hopes to return the city to the glamorous, purer version he remembers as a child. He and his partner, legendary Detective Harvey Bullock, must navigate the dirty politics of Gotham's justice system, even as they tackle a high-profile case, the murder of billionaires Thomas and Martha Wayne. Gordon becomes a friend to their young orphan, Bruce.'

Here are some interesting aspects of the show I found:

What I liked the most

I loved mainly the villains of this show. Characters such as Fish Mooney, Oswald Cobblepot (Penguin), Hugo Strange, Tabitha Galavan and The Joker made the show very entertaining. 

What I hated the most

At some point, death meant nothing in the show. Characters constantly died and were revived (For example Master Bruce's butler). Science Fiction  (e.g cloning) overwhelmed the show after Season 1 and it made it slightly uncomfortable for me to watch.

The relationship between Harvey Dent and Detective Gordon

Harvey is lazy, corrupt, can be bribed and bought by higher ranked members while Gordon is righteous and rarely breaks the rules. Harvey and Gordon make a phenomenal detective team and both fully trust each other.

The Barbara Keen Flipping

Barbara Keen was a very innocent, sweet and loving character in Season 1. However, her engagement to Gordon caused her to be targetted by a highly effective psychopath who forced her murder her parents and turn into her 'dark side'. The character changed by 360°, the comparison of Barabara between season 1 and 4 is astounding.

Master Bruce and His Butler

After Bruce Wayne's parents get killed in Season 1. Bruce, a child, has no one to take care of him but his Butler, Alfred. Their relationship is very sweet and Bruce's Butler Alfred takes good care of him throughout the show. Only Alfred calls Bruce with 'Master' and this article tries to explain what it means. Bruce fires his Butler twice, the first time after he smashes his computer and the second after they engage in a fight.

Jerome Valeska's Madness

Jerome is probably the craziest villain of this show. He is full of surprises. Jerome Valeska was portrayed as a victimized boy at the beginning of the show and surprisingly, it was revealed that he killed his mother when confronted by Gordon in an investigation. The rest is history. Jerome has no interest in money, power or control over Gotham, he only likes to create chaos, terror and fear. Gordan kills Jerome in Season 4. 

The Penguin

Or Oswald Cobblepot. He is my favourite character in the whole show. Oswald starts as Fish Mooney's umbrella boy and servant. He would literally massage her feet and do whatever she says but at, some point he flips and snitches on her to Gordan and they become enemies. Penguin eventually becomes very powerful in Season 4.

The Riddler

Or Edward Nygma, this character was very interesting. No one would have thought that an innocent and shy character like Nygma would turn into a psychotic cold-blooded murder. Eventually, it can be seen that Edward Nygma has two different personalities: one of a cold-blooded murder and one of a shy innocent guy.

Penguin and Nygma's conflict

The Penguin and Nygma were close friends but end up trying to murder each other after a huge conflict that occurs. Penguin apparently had a romantic crush on Nygma, and before Penguin expresses his feelings, Nygma meets and falls in love with a sweet lady. In return, Penguin murders Nygma's new lover. Eventually, Nygma realizes what happens and tries to kill Penguin. The cycle goes back and forth but they do reconcile at the end of Season 4.

Sofia Falcone

This is one of the worst characters in the show and I'm glad she's almost dead (coma) after being shot by Gordon's ex-girlfriend. Sofia murdered her own father, kidnapped a child, wanted to initiate a war, hired the Pyg and smashed the hand of Gordon's ex-girlfriend. She's been lying for almost all show.

Final Thoughts

This is one of the best and most remarkable shows I have ever seen, there is a lot yet to talk about but I'll stick to that. FOX productions are legendary as usual and I can't wait for Season 4 which will probably air in Summer 2019. Hopefully, I'll be able to stream it legally in the UK.

Oh, and I'll drop this song from the Pyg. In that scene, the Pyg forces the elites of Gotham to eat human flesh of people he had murdered:


Tuesday, September 4, 2018

My startup is serving half a PB a month

In 2016, I founded GC GROUP, LLC; a lawful American startup handling few websites. Today, we're managing around 20 websites, many of which are highly trafficked. We serve around 2,000 users a second and use many cloud providers including Google Cloud Platform, Highwinds and Amazon Web Services.

Our stats show that we have been delivering around half a PB a month; that's around 500TB a month and 6PB a year!

Stats for August 2018:

Stats for July 2018:

We use many technologies to optimize and cache our content properly; but most importantly, we ensure downtimes are never acceptable.

Monday, September 3, 2018

Friday, August 31, 2018

Increasing the security on my professional email

In 2016, I have decided to stop my personal emails for professional communication (eg:, I have changed my personal emails and I made sure they remain strictly confidential and shared only with close friends and family.

My professional email ends with now and is managed by me. It gives me total control over all the configuration and settings, and it is inaccessible via a login page. It gives me great power and control over my email and all the settings and configurations. Here are the security settings I use:

DKIM - DomainKeys Identified Mail

According to Zoho, "DKIM is an authentication method, which uses encryption with public/ private keys, to validate whether the emails are generated from the authorised servers, recognized and configured by the administrators of the sending domains."

This would prevent Email Spoofing and Email Backscattering. In DKIM, a public key is published as a TXT record for the my domain's DNS Manager which is managed by Cloudflare. Every outgoing email includes a distinct signature generated using the private key for my domain. The receiving email server uses this private-public key combination to validate the email source. If there is a validation failure, the recipient server may reject the email or classify it as Spam/ Forged email, based on the server behaviour.

SPF - Sender Policy Framework

According to Zoho, "Sender Policy Framework/ SPF is an Email validation system, to find out spoofed/ forged emails using a specific SPF record published for the domain with the details of hosts, that are permitted by the domain's administrators." 

Sender Policy Framework/ SPF Records is also published as a type of DNS record published in my domain's DNS which identifies the email servers that are permitted to send emails. The main goal of SPF records is to help the receiving server identify the spam emails, sent using my domain name by spoofing/ forging the From email addresses. 

Now, I have recently added DMARC:

DMARC - Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance

According to Wikipedia, "Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance (DMARC) is an email-validation system designed to detect and prevent email spoofing. It is intended to combat certain techniques often used in phishing and email spam, such as emails with forged sender addresses that appear to originate from legitimate organizations. Specified in RFC 7489, DMARC counters the illegitimate usage of the exact domain name in the From: field of email message headers."

This is really great because now users cannot forge the 'From:' field of the email message headers. DMARC is capable of producing two separate types of reports which would allow me to find out who is trying to forge emails on my behalf.

Here are DMARC rows of an aggregate record shown in tabular form: 


Sunday, August 26, 2018

Power: The US TV Show that made me ignore socials and thesis work

I rarely get to have some time to watch any series or movies, but when I do, it doesn't go well. I've had dozens of unfinished series on Netflix; I either lose interest or get bored. But that was not the case with POWER.

In fact, while browsing my Netflix collection, I have clicked on the entry by mistake and the show started; but I thought I'd give it a try. One episode, two, four, I was hooked.

My sleep schedule got fucked up, I slept at 5 am (instead of 12 am), I didn't set up a meeting with a supervisor, and I ditched socials.

If I were to describe this show in one word, I'd say 'original'. The show is really unique and presents something you have never seen before. I fell in love with the characters, direction, plot and the brilliant acting.

I've started the show on the 10th of August and finished it on the 20th of August (so total 10 days). Yet, three remaining episodes left which will air every Sunday.

Here is the plot of the show from Wikipedia/Google: 'It appears James "Ghost" St. Patrick has it all -- a drop-dead gorgeous wife, a stunning Manhattan penthouse, and the power and success that come with owning hot new nightclub Truth. But a closer look reveals a man living a double life. When Ghost isn't tending to his Fortune 500 business, he's catering to clients of another operation: a drug empire that serves only the rich and influential. While loyal sidekick Tommy protects the cash-cow narcotics venture at all costs, Ghost's new reality is using Truth as more than a front to launder money. It's a way out of the drug game and into a legitimate life with his family, even if everything he loves becomes unknowingly threatened. "Power" is co-executive produced by Curtis "50 Cent" Jackson (who also co-stars) and show creator Courtney Kemp Agboh ("The Good Wife").'


Wednesday, August 15, 2018

6 Types of Academic Plagiarists

Plagiarism is defined as using a work that doesn't belong to you. Here are the 6 most common types of academic plagiarism I know:

1. The malicious plagiarist: This is the plagiarist who copies stuff word from word and adds it to his report without giving any single fuck. This generally works in highschools and when presenting work that doesn't get checked by Turnitin and another plagiarism checker.

2. The smart plagiarist: This is the plagiarist who hires someone to do his or her work on their behalf. This is too common in college and students generally get away with it because there is no way for the instructor/lecturer to know. One way to avoid this is to ask students to write some sample work at the beginning of the semester and store a copy of it. You can compare the work together and ask the student to resubmit their work.

3. The translator plagiarist: This is the student who plagiaries a work made in a different language than the original one required. If the assignment was due to be delivered in English, they find a Chinese, Arabic, Russian article and they simply translate it and submit it. TurnItIn might be able to detect this sort of plagiarism, but you may need to contact them to make sure.

4. The Innocent plagiarist: This is the student who quotes and paraphrases one paragraph or two from elsewhere without realizing they need to reference it. This comes due to ignorance, and innocents shouldn't be heavily punished for making such a mistake (An academic warning would do).

5. The Self-Plagiarist: This is the student who resubmits his previous work. This usually works if the previous work isn't submitted on TurnItIn and generally there is no way for the instructor to know.

6. The Group Plagiarist: This is very common and the most underrated type of academic plagiarism. This is a student who is in a group project and does minimal to no contribution to work. His name is submitted and he gets equal marks to his classmates. This can be resolved if the instructor makes all a group members sign a mark distribution sheet at the end.

Tuesday, July 31, 2018

Why people cheat in academia and life

This is an essay I wrote either in 2012 and 2013 illustrating why people cheat:

It is commonly said that “most people are virtuous, but a few bad apples spoil the bunch”. This pseudo-proverb reveals a truth that many of us try not to notice but is nonetheless a reality that has been empirically observed and fact-checked. The vast majority of young people (and adults for that matter) believe that cheating is wrong. Yet, by nearly every poll, most young people cheat at least once in their high school career. So, the most important question is why do young people behave in ways that are inconsistent with their stated beliefs? Two of the major reasons behind cheating are: the survival instinct and the easy way out.

First, cheating is in one’s self-interest and increases one’s chances of survival. As Ariely said: “Everybody has the capability to be dishonest, and almost everybody cheats – just by a little” (2012, p12).  I am not a psychologist, but I believe there is a mechanism within each of us which triggers a need to "save face." Saving face can mean a desire to save oneself from the angry assault of a parent or teacher; it can mean avoiding embarrassment; it can mean economic survival or a perceived pressure be it self-inflicted or inflicted by some other extraneous force. Although I cannot excuse it, I understand why an educator imposes unbearable testing pressure on his students in order to better ensure the results of the State official exams. If you tell a school administrator that his school's existence or employment might hinge on his students' performance on a test, I believe you are tempting him to cheat in order to achieve a better outcome. Most human beings have a breaking point and when anything threatens a person's livelihood, income and/or social status, you put them in a survival mode. In other words, as you threaten that individual's existence, you tempt them to reach their moral breaking point. What lies at the heart of cheating in any avenue of life, whether personal, academic or career, is self-interest, which most would argue is a particularly vile human attribute. To sum up, there may be nothing more fundamental to human existence than self-interest which, at its foundation, is an expression of our most basic instinct to survive.

Second, cheating offers an easy way out.  Cheaters break the rules to gain an unfair advantage in any competitive situation.  They do not have to cheat all the time, but once faced with a challenge that they do actually want to win, they will go back to their cheating strategies. For example, cheating in high school means better grades and likely admittance into better colleges. Cheating in college provides admission to better graduate programs and more job opportunities. Cheating in graduate school results in better job offers. Cheating among athletes with performance-enhancing drugs provides a performance advantage on the field that can start as early as high school and continue into the professional and Olympic ranks. Cheating in the financial industry results in a bigger paycheck and a faster and higher advancement. Cheating by corporations ensures continuing market share and profits (and survival) when companies are dying daily. Some people simply like to pick the easy way out. Why bother studying hard and doing all those term papers by yourself if you can use somebody else's work? Seriously, why bother? What's the point of studying, working hard, and going to college? Can't you skip all the hassle and hard work and just cheat?  After all, you’re only concerned about money or accomplishing anything “great” in this world. Unwilled to do the work, or just plain lazy, some people don't want to put the time and effort into studying and learning. They take the easy way out by cheating. This may go hand-in-hand with the belief that cheating is "easy" and "no big deal," and "everyone does it”.

Ultimately, cheating is an omnipresent phenomenon in human society and is a behaviour that we can find in the lives of the majority of any population. The reasons, however, for such a human trait seem to be more complex.


Sunday, July 22, 2018

Receiving a 120,000£ (160,000$) scholarship for my doctorate degree at Oxford University

I am very happy and grateful to have received a 120,000£ scholarship to support me for my next 4-years of studies at Oxford University.

The scholarship was awarded by Fondation Sesam, founded by Abdallah Chatila, which is a non-profit organization based in Switzerland: 

"Non-profit organization recognized by the cantonal authorities of Geneva as a public utility, sesame is a donor foundation based in Geneva. It supports social projects in Geneva and Lebanon, the country of origin of its founder. Sesam favours the creation of partnerships with associations, NGOs or programs aimed primarily at the most disadvantaged." (Translated) 

I will be pursuing a DPhil (PhD) in Cybersecurity from the 28th of September 2018 until the 7th of October 2022. This is what I will be studying:

"The student will receive a broad education for two terms in the broad topics of cyber security, including social and technical aspects.  Research will follow from this, in one of four areas: security of big data, cyber-physical security; effective systems assurance; and real-time security controls.  Students will use techniques from systems engineering, mathematical modelling, empirical research, and other methods to determine the effectiveness of existing security controls and to design and evaluate new approaches for improving cyber security in realistic and deployed contexts, for current and future technologies; against both known and newly-emerging threats."

I am very grateful to the professors that vouched for me at the University of Southampton. The friendship and support provided by the other members of the School of Electronics and Computer Science was groundbreaking. I am indebted to them for their help.

As a computer professional, I believe that is my responsibility to study and find solutions for social and ethical issues that emerge from the cyber world and especially ones related to cyber-security. Mixing my depth knowledge in Computer Science and Cybersecurity would also make a great candidate for this course at Oxford University. The EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training would also provide the perfect opportunity for me to fulfil my dream of contributing to the advancement of cyber-security. 

I am ready to start my new journey at the University of Oxford and make the most out of it.